Central Asia’s Lost Civilization

Convergent plate boundaries Igneous rocks associated with convergent plate boundaries have the greatest diversity. In this case, granite batholiths underlie the great composite volcanoes and consist of rocks ranging from basalt through andesite to dacite and rhyolite. These boundaries are destructive and consume the subducting oceanic lithosphere formed at the divergent centres. The rocks generated, however, are added on accreted to the continent. Oceanic trenches outline the junction of the colliding plates, but the igneous activity takes place on the overriding plate along a line at least about kilometres above the subducting plate see Figure 3. In other words, almost no volcanism occurs between this kilometre line called the volcanic front and the trench. The horizontal distance between the trench and the volcanic front depends on the angle of subduction; the steeper the angle, the shorter the distance. Volcanism occurs from this volcanic axis inland for a few hundred kilometres. The dominant rock constituting the composite volcanoes is andesite, but in some younger island arcs basalt tends to be more common, and in older volcanic areas dacite or rhyolite becomes prominent.

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Kazakhs have roamed this cold dry grassland on horseback for centuries and are renowned for their ability to shoot arrows with accuracy while bouncing atop galloping steeds. As Olsen watches mammoth clouds gathering on the horizon, she envisions a time thousands of years ago when these plains were inhabited by hardy hunter-gatherers who lived on horse meat but did not know how to ride the horses they hunted.

She muses on how radically their world must have changed when one of them finally climbed aboard a horse, tamed it, and rode like the wind. They were our first form of rapid transit. Ultimately, the taming of horses turned out to be a momentous turning point in human history. Researchers also agree that domestication occurred before B.

Epistolary history is full of open letters, those that are written with the intent that they’ll be read by a wide audience. Here we’ve collected six of the best (or at least, most influential.

It was taken by Corporal Guy Adderley of the Intelligence Corps in May , one of the team who interrogated Himmler after his arrest at a British checkpoint in northern Germany as he tried to flee in disguise following the fall of the Third Reich. Himmler on his deathbed minutes after committing suicide He was transferred to a British interrogation centre in the town of Luneburg, and was due to be questioned over war crimes the following day, when he poisoned himself. But Adderley kept this grainy photograph among his wartime mementoes, which have remained hidden from the world for decades.

It was estimated to fetch thousands of pounds, a startling sum that reveals the historical value of such an image. From agriculture student to master of terror: Had it gone on sale, the photograph would almost certainly have been snapped up by one of the many anonymous and wealthy individuals who like to collect Third Reich memorabilia.

First World War: Losing one child in war is a terrible thing, so just imagine losing five

Our analysis of these sites has helped us to establish the value of Namhansanseong as a world heritage site and lay the groundwork for our research into major sites around the world that have been rehabilitated, after being placed at great risk of destruction by war and natural disasters, and selected as outstanding examples of restoration and preservation efforts. As such, we are very pleased to hold be able to hold this special event as a way of presenting and maximizing the results of our research.

The number of world heritage sites about which relevant materials are displayed at this exhibition comes to twenty-three in total, including seven in Asia, four in the Middle East, eleven in Europe, and one in South America.

Be informed. Be prepared. Our latest travel advice includes useful information on safety and security, local laws, entry and exit requirements, natural disasters, health and where to get help.

Truth to Power Joan Rivers: There, in its cocoon of plushly-furnished, shamelessly old-school luxury with red booths, Joan Rivers was on sparkling, vivacious form, directing the Entertainment Tonight crew following her for the day, as she took her seat in our booth. Even in the week when her life went into a perverse, awful turnaround when she reportedly stopped breathing during an endoscopic procedure , Rivers was doing what she loved most—what she most needed to do: She had just taped a brilliant-as-ever episode of her E!

She was, unusually for a comedian, as funny and engaging off stage as on. A Piece of Work, the brilliant, genuinely candid documentary about her life made clear, Rivers worked relentlessly because she was terrified about what not working means: Rivers was an old-school trouper, fully immersed in pop culture for her comedy routine. She remained the dirtiest, rudest deflater of celebrity egos and vanity in Hollywood.

One, Kristen Stewart, threatened legal action, after Rivers wrote: She had been through much worse, most notably the suicide of her husband Edgar in , after her talk show was canceled, a dark period which also led her to contemplate taking her own life. She lived in a grand, mini-Versailles of an apartment on the Upper East Side, where I had interviewed her a few years ago, and in Los Angeles. The waiter placed two crisp glasses of Chardonnay in front of us.

Go, go, go, anything you want to ask me, ask me. Please bring us some finger food.

Leadership Lessons from Dwight D. Eisenhower #1: How to Build and Sustain Morale

You can help by adding to it. March Joralemon Street Tunnel in , part of the New York City Subway system Much of the early technology of tunneling evolved from mining and military engineering. The etymology of the terms “mining” for mineral extraction or for siege attacks , “military engineering”, and ” civil engineering ” reveals these deep historic connections.

You will have heard of The Messinian Salinity Crisis no learned articles, geology textbooks, probably lectures at your college or University. Or possibly not. This was not always the hot topic it is now. In fact, the very idea of this happening, was for a while, challenged, even ridiculed.

The division is based on differences in mechanical properties and in the method for the transfer of heat. The lithosphere is cooler and more rigid, while the asthenosphere is hotter and flows more easily. In terms of heat transfer, the lithosphere loses heat by conduction , whereas the asthenosphere also transfers heat by convection and has a nearly adiabatic temperature gradient. This division should not be confused with the chemical subdivision of these same layers into the mantle comprising both the asthenosphere and the mantle portion of the lithosphere and the crust: The key principle of plate tectonics is that the lithosphere exists as separate and distinct tectonic plates , which ride on the fluid-like visco-elastic solid asthenosphere.

Tectonic lithosphere plates consist of lithospheric mantle overlain by one or two types of crustal material: Because it is formed at mid-ocean ridges and spreads outwards, its thickness is therefore a function of its distance from the mid-ocean ridge where it was formed. The location where two plates meet is called a plate boundary. Plate boundaries are commonly associated with geological events such as earthquakes and the creation of topographic features such as mountains , volcanoes , mid-ocean ridges , and oceanic trenches.

The majority of the world’s active volcanoes occur along plate boundaries, with the Pacific Plate’s Ring of Fire being the most active and widely known today. These boundaries are discussed in further detail below.

Military communication

If you don’t comply with these entry requirements, you’ll risk deportation on arrival or being stopped from boarding your aircraft. Passport Ensure your passport is valid for at least six months from the date you intend to return to Australia. Your passport must also have at least two completely blank pages on which your entry permit can be endorsed.

Carry copies of a recent passport photo with you in case you need a replacement passport while overseas. If your passport doesn’t comply with these requirements, you’ll risk deportation on arrival or being stopped from boarding your aircraft. Your passport is a valuable document and attractive to criminals who may try to use your identity to commit crimes.

– During meditation, I saw the words, TODAY IS THE RED STAR DAY! From previous mediations, you can see below in that I saw three stars.

The division is based on differences in mechanical properties and in the method for the transfer of heat. The lithosphere is cooler and more rigid, while the asthenosphere is hotter and flows more easily. In terms of heat transfer, the lithosphere loses heat by conduction , whereas the asthenosphere also transfers heat by convection and has a nearly adiabatic temperature gradient. This division should not be confused with the chemical subdivision of these same layers into the mantle comprising both the asthenosphere and the mantle portion of the lithosphere and the crust: The key principle of plate tectonics is that the lithosphere exists as separate and distinct tectonic plates , which ride on the fluid-like visco-elastic solid asthenosphere.

Tectonic lithosphere plates consist of lithospheric mantle overlain by one or two types of crustal material: Because it is formed at mid-ocean ridges and spreads outwards, its thickness is therefore a function of its distance from the mid-ocean ridge where it was formed. The location where two plates meet is called a plate boundary.

Plate boundaries are commonly associated with geological events such as earthquakes and the creation of topographic features such as mountains , volcanoes , mid-ocean ridges , and oceanic trenches.

Karina Smirnoff Calls Off Third Engagement

Ocean Sciences News Indonesian Cave Reveals Nearly 5, Years of Tsunamis Researchers explore a coastal cave containing layers of sand deposited by 11 prehistoric tsunamis and demonstrate that the time period between massive waves is highly variable. Kerry Sieh left and Charlie Rubin use fluorescent lights to look for charcoal and shells in sediment layers in a cave in Indonesia to use to radiocarbon date tsunami deposits.

The researchers noticed that a depression in the floor of the cave—near Banda Aceh, Indonesia—contained distinct stratigraphy: After closer examination, the team members realized they had found a natural record of tsunamis sweeping sand repeatedly into the cave over thousands of years. The massive waves were not regular in time: Periods of calm ranged from millennia to merely decades.

UK News England Rugby Captain Chris Robshaw battles one of the world’s heaviest sumo wrestlers at London’s Peace Pagoda, arranged by Mastercard, to mark the final countdown to enter the Rugby.

Project management tips that can make a difference. So what are the key traits of a kick-ass ICT project manager? It’s about the destination, not the journey Any project manager PM can learn to do a Gantt chart , spout knowledgeably about Prince2 or throw together a dazzling PowerPoint presentation. They assess everything in the project to ensure it aligns with the business outcomes that are sought.

Talk the talk Having the gift of the gab is rarely a bad thing — but a good project manager is not just all mouth and trousers. He or she needs a flexible communication style that can build rapport in the executive suite and win the trust of the techies back on the office floor, says Jonathan Chapman, an associate director at IT headhunters Robert Half International.

9 Other Things That Happened Christmas Day

Comments 25 Read by 3, people The pipes of hospitals carrying away the infections of the sick are bound to be quite disturbing places. But scientists dared to snoop around in them anyway and found that they can fuel superbugs. That DNA can give superbugs the power to defeat modern medicines and threaten the lives of patients. The study began back in after a severely ill woman carried a bacterial infection into a New York health care center.

Using whole-genome sequencing for the first time in such an investigation, the team identified the culprit: The microbe, they discovered, was probably traveling between rooms after lodging in sinks and drains.

The rubidium–strontium pair is ideally suited for the isochron dating of igneous rocks. As a liquid rock cools, first one mineral and then another achieves saturation and precipitates, each extracting specific elements in the process.

BY Chris Higgins December 22, Epistolary history is full of open letters, those that are written with the intent that they’ll be read by a wide audience. Here we’ve collected six of the best or at least, most influential open letters of all time. Letter from Birmingham Jail Writer: Martin Luther King, Jr. Running to eleven pages, King’s letter was a response to the Statement by Alabama Clergymen in which prominent Alabama clergy including a bunch of Bishops and a Rabbi called for demonstrations against segregation to stop, and for the issue to be resolved in the courts.

I am in Birmingham because injustice is here. Just as the prophets of the eighth century B. Like Paul, I must constantly respond to the Macedonian call for aid. Moreover, I am cognizant of the interrelatedness of all communities and states. I cannot sit idly by in Atlanta and not be concerned about what happens in Birmingham. Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.

We are caught in an inescapable network of mutuality, tied in a single garment of destiny. Whatever affects one directly, affects all indirectly. Never again can we afford to live with the narrow, provincial “outside agitator” idea.

Blind Date Disaster – The Pranker – Episode 2 – BBC Three